Organ

   The most important traditional instrument in Christian music, also known in some kinds of non-Orthodox Jewish music, and the Hindu bhajan, the term refers to a family of keyboard instruments derivative of the pipe organ. Members of one branch of the family produce sound by forcing air through a set of scaled vibrators activated by the keyboard: pipes of different lengths, materials, and shapes in pipe organs, portatives, and positives; vibrating metal tongues of different lengths in harmoniums and regals. Members of a second branch attempt to imitate the sound of a pipe organ by producing sound through loudspeakers controlled either by oscillators of varying frequencies as in the early 20th-century electronic organ, or by sound samples stored in computers as in the late 20th-century digital organ.
   "Organ" therefore will denote different instruments depending upon the context. Discussions of historical repertory (e.g., "the organ music of Johann Sebastian Bach"), refer almost certainly and exclusively to pipe organ, but in a performance of an oratorio it could well be the positive, and reference to "the organ" in a modern church could denote a pipe organ, a positive, an electronic organ, or a digital organ.
   As the sole instrument admitted to Christian liturgies since the 10th century, the organ has by far the largest and most varied repertory of sacred instrumental music, and has in those centuries acquired an incomparable connotation of the sacred for Western culture. Nevertheless, the tradition of organ playing has declined noticeably in the last half of the 20th century owing to the use of popular styles in the gospel songs and praise choruses common in Evangelical Protestantism throughout the century and in folk masses in Roman Catholicism since the Second Vatican Council.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Organ — • A musical instrument which consists of one or several sets of pipes, each pipe giving only one tone, and which is blown and played by mechanical means. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Organ     Organ …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Organ — Or gan, n. [L. organum, Gr. ?; akin to ? work, and E. work: cf. F. organe. See {Work}, and cf. {Orgue}, {Orgy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. An instrument or medium by which some important action is performed, or an important end accomplished; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Organ — may refer to the following: Contents 1 Biology and medicine 2 Music 3 Organizations and government 4 Media Biology …   Wikipedia

  • Organ — (von altgriechisch: ὄργανον organon = „Werkzeug“) ist: in der Biologie ein Körperteil bzw. eine Funktionseinheit aus verschiedenen Geweben, siehe Organ (Biologie) ein japanischer Horrorfilm, siehe Organ (Film) in der Rechtswissenschaft die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Organ — Organ: Das seit dem 18. Jh. belegte Fremdwort, das jedoch schon im 16.–18. Jh. in den nicht eingedeutschten Formen »Organum«, »Organon« (Plural »Organa«) auftritt, ist aus lat. organum »Werkzeug; Musikinstrument, Orgel« entlehnt, das seinerseits… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • organ — or‧gan [ˈɔːgən ǁ ˈɔːr ] noun [countable] formal 1. a magazine or newspaper which presents the ideas and opinions of a political party or other organization: • These newspapers were essentially house organs for political factions. • a copy of the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Organ — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. organum Werkzeug, Instrument , dieses aus gr. órganon, einer ablautenden Bildung zu gr. érgon (Energie). Die heutigen Bedeutungen gehen im wesentlichen von der Grundbedeutung eines Elements mit… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • organ — [ôr′gən] n. [ME organe < OE organa & OFr organe, both < L organum, tool, implement (in LL(Ec), a church organ) < Gr organon, an implement, engine < ergon,WORK] 1. a) a large wind instrument consisting of various sets of pipes which,… …   English World dictionary

  • organ — òrgān m <G orgána> DEFINICIJA 1. anat. a. dio organizma s funkcijom po kojoj se ob. imenuju [dišni organi; govorni organi] b. ljudski glas, ukupnost odlika u snazi, boji itd. [lijep organ; snažan organ] c. razg. muški spolni organ 2. a.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • organ — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. organnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} część organizmu o określonej budowie i funkcji oraz o określonym położeniu względem innych części; narząd : {{/stl 7}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Organ — País …   Wikipedia Español

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